Volume 13, Issue 2 p. 250-271
Relevant Review

Stimulating Intrinsic Motivation in Millennial Students: A New Generation, a New Approach

Joydeep Dutta Chaudhuri

Corresponding Author

Joydeep Dutta Chaudhuri

School of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Sciences, Husson University, Bangor, Maine

Correspondence to: Dr. Joydeep Dutta Chaudhuri, School of Occupational Therapy, College of Health Sciences, Husson University, 314 O'Donnell Commons, 1 College Circle, Bangor, ME 04401, USA. E-mail: [email protected]

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First published: 25 April 2019
Citations: 22

Abstract

There has been a fundamental change in health care pedagogy to address the demands and challenges posed by the present generation of millennial students. There is also a growing recognition of the role of intrinsic motivation as a catalyst in a positive learning experience. The term intrinsic motivation refers to energizing behavior that comes from within an individual and develops due to an inherent interest in the activity at hand. However, stimulating intrinsic motivation in the present generation of millennial health care students is a daunting task, considering their diverse and disparate nature. In addition, the inherent generational differences between educators and students, and an increasing emphasis on technological tools have resulted in a dichotomy in the educational environment leading to the development of a greater incidence of burnouts among students. Hence, numerous innovative techniques have been introduced in health care education to enhance the levels of intrinsic motivation in these students. Unfortunately, most of these approaches have only been moderately successful due to their limited ability to address the unique educational expectations of millennial students. The cumulative evidence suggests that specific approaches to stimulate intrinsic motivation should aim at nurturing the learning efforts of students, bridging the generational barriers between educators and students, and ameliorating the stress associated with health care education. Hence, the specific aim of this narrative review is to suggest empirically proven curricular strategies and institutional reforms to enhance intrinsic motivation in health care students belonging to the Millennial Generation.